Erysimum

Erysimum

Erysimum (also known as sisymbrium or hedge mustard) is an annual, herbaceous plant reaching a height of 30 to 80 cm. Its hairy stem has branches that run almost perpendicular to the main stem. Its leaves are split into unequal lobes. Its flowers are pale yellow, very small and its fruits are siliquae that are compacted parallel to the stem.

Latin name

Erysimum officinalis L.

Origin

South of France.

Used part

The aerial part.

Active components

Glucosinolates: have an antimicrobial, relaxing and protective action on the vocal chords.

Vitamin C: antioxidant. Mucilages: have a soothing effect.

Tannins: have an astringent and antiseptic effect.

Flavonoids: antioxidant.

Usage

Erysimum has often been considered a weed. However, the term "officinalis" indicates that this plant is recognised for its medicinal properties. In traditional medicine, Erysimum has been used in an infusion to combat inflammation in the vocal chords, which is how it received its popular name “Chantor's herb”. It is still used in cough medicines and throat pastilles. Few people know the culinary use of this plant. The leaves have a bitter, spicy flavour, a little like cress. They can be eaten raw in a salad, or cooked. The seeds can be used to make a sort of mustard. Dried and crushed, the young leaves, flower tops and seeds beautifully enhance the flavour of a dish when used as a spice. Currently, science confirms the health benefits of this plant. It can soothe tingling in the throat can be used to relieve temporary hoarseness and to ease breathing.1-6

Bibliographical references

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The health claims that feature on our website in relation to the plants contained in our products are compliant with the list of health claims awaiting final assessment by the Community authorities (cf. website of the European Commission: http://ec.europa.eu/nuhclaims/). However, they may be subject to modification following their assessment by the national competent authorities.

The health claims relating to other nutrients or substances contained in our products that feature on our site are compliant with Regulation No. 432/2012 of the Commission of 16 May 2012 which establishes a list of authorised health claims authorised in relation to food products, other than those in reference to the reduction of the risk of disease as well as community-based development and child health (cf. website of the European Commission: http://ec.europa.eu/nuhclaims/).