Figs

Figs

Fig trees, a member of the moraceae family, can grow to a height of 10 metres. Its leaves are divided into lobes with small splits. The flowers are small and are enclosed in a fleshy receptacle. After pollination, this develops into a purple, pear-shaped fruit which is, in fact, an accessory fruit. All of the parts of the plant contain a white latex that is an irritant to the skin and can cause burns. Fig trees do not like soil rich in clay. They require well-drained soil, and can grow in poor soil. Hot and temperate climates suit them, they must be protected from frost.

Latin name

Ficus carica L

Origin

Fig trees originate from the Middle East and western Asia. It has also been grown in temperate regions since ancient times.

Used part

The fruit.

Active components

Sugars: contribute to the nutritional content.

Fibre: this indigestible substance has a significant effect on intestinal transit. It also contributes to healthy intestinal flora.

Flavonoids: these compounds have an antioxidant effect and protect the organs against free radicals.

Usage

Figs can be eaten fresh or dried. They can be used as a natural sweetener due to their high sugar content. Their irritant latex is used to treat warts. Figs can not only be used in cooking, the also offer various health benefits. Thanks to their fibre, they can be used to support the function of the gastrointestinal tract and to gently improve intestinal transit. 1-3 Figs support the health of the digestive system. 4-7

Bibliographical references

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The health claims that feature on our website in relation to the plants contained in our products are compliant with the list of health claims awaiting final assessment by the Community authorities (cf. website of the European Commission: http://ec.europa.eu/nuhclaims/). However, they may be subject to modification following their assessment by the national competent authorities.

The health claims relating to other nutrients or substances contained in our products that feature on our site are compliant with Regulation No. 432/2012 of the Commission of 16 May 2012 which establishes a list of authorised health claims authorised in relation to food products, other than those in reference to the reduction of the risk of disease as well as community-based development and child health (cf. website of the European Commission: http://ec.europa.eu/nuhclaims/).