Lemon eucalyptus leaves have long played an important role in the traditional medicine of the indigenous Australians. In Brazil also because, for example, the hot water extract of the dried leaves is traditionally used as an anti-inflammatory, analgaesic, and anti-fever agent, but also to treat respiratory infections, chills, sinus congestion and rheumatic conditions.1-15
This tree plays an important role in the production of honey by bees. The leaves, which release a delicious lemon fragrance, are also frequently used in potpourri.
Citronellal, the most important component of the essential oil appears to be effective in keeping away mosquitoes thanks to its insect repellent properties.16 The essential oil from the leaves, used in many perfumes, is also used throughout the world to relieve coughs, colds, sore throats and other infections.
- Antibacterial and preliminary phytochemical and physico-chemical analysis of Eucalyptus citriodora Hk leaf.
Vaghasiya Y, Nair R, Chanda S.
Nat Prod Res. 2008 Jun 15;22(9):754-62.
- Antibacterial activity of essential oils from Eucalyptus and of selected components against multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens.
Mulyaningsih S, Sporer F, Reichling J, Wink M.
Pharm Biol. 2011 Sep;49(9):893-9.
- Chemical Composition and Antifungal Activity of Essential Oil from Cymbopogon nardus (Citronella grass)
Nakahara Kazuhiko, Alzoreky Najeeb s, Yoshihashi Tadashi, Nguyen Huong t. T., Trakoontivakorn Gassinee .
Japan agricultural research quarterly 2003, vol. 37, no4, pp. 249-252
- Antimicrobial Activity of Essential Oils Against Five Strains of Propionibacterium acnes
S. Luangnarumitchai, S. Lamlertthon1, and W. Tiyaboonchai
Mahidol University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 2007; 34(1-4): 60-64.
Mahidol University: http://www.pharmacy.mahidol.ac.th/journal/_files/2007.60-64.pdf
- Fungicidal activity of volatile oil from eucalyptus Citriodora Hook. against Alternaria triticina.
Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci. 2006;71(3 Pt B):909-14.
- Antifungal activity of the volatile oil of Eucalyptus citriodora.
Ramezani H, Singh HP, Batish DR, Kohli RK.
Fitoterapia. 2002 Jun;73(3):261-2.
- Phytochemical composition of Cymbopogon citratus and Eucalyptus citriodora essential oils and their anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties on Wistar rats.
Gbenou JD, Ahounou JF, Akakpo HB, Laleye A, Yayi E, Gbaguidi F, Baba-Moussa L, Darboux R, Dansou P, Moudachirou M, Kotchoni SO.
Mol Biol Rep. 2013 Feb;40(2):1127-34.
- Analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of essential oils of Eucalyptus.
Silva J, Abebe W, Sousa SM, Duarte VG, Machado MI, Matos FJ.
J Ethnopharmacol. 2003 Dec;89(2-3):277-83.
- Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities: Chemical constituents of essential oils of Ocimum gratissimum, Eucalyptus citriodora and Cymbopogon giganteus inhibited lipoxygenase L-1 and cyclooxygenase of PGHS
G. Bedi Sahouo, Z.F. Tonzibo, B. Boti, C. Chopard, J.P. Mahy, Yao T. N’guessan
Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2003, 17(2), 191-197.
African Journals Online: http://www.ajol.info/index.php/bcse/article/view/61681
- Anti-inflammatory and redox-protective activities of citronellal.
Melo MS, Guimarães AG, Santana MF, Siqueira RS, De Lima Ado C, Dias AS, Santos MR, Onofre AS, Quintans JS, De Sousa DP, Almeida JR, Estevam CS, Araujo BS, Quintans-Júnior LJ.
Biol Res. 2011;44(4):363-8.
- Comparative molecular docking analysis of essential oil constituents as elastase inhibitors.
Sivamani P, Singaravelu G, Thiagarajan V, Jayalakshmi T, Ramesh Kumar G.
- Citronellal, a monoterpene present in Java citronella oil, attenuates mechanical nociception response in mice.
de Santana MT, de Oliveira MG, Santana MF, De Sousa DP, Santana DG, Camargo EA, de Oliveira AP, Almeida JR, Quintans-Júnior LJ.
Pharm Biol. 2013 Jun 25.
- Antinociceptive action and redox properties of citronellal, an essential oil present in lemongrass.
Quintans-Júnior L, da Rocha RF, Caregnato FF, Moreira JC, da Silva FA, Araújo AA, dos Santos JP, Melo MS, de Sousa DP, Bonjardim LR, Gelain DP.
J Med Food. 2011 Jun;14(6):630-9.
- Antinociceptive effects of citronellal in formalin-, capsaicin-, and glutamate-induced orofacial nociception in rodents and its action on nerve excitability.
Quintans-Júnior LJ, Melo MS, De Sousa DP, Araujo AA, Onofre AC, Gelain DP, Gonçalves JC, Araújo DA, Almeida JR, Bonjardim LR.
J Orofac Pain. 2010 Summer;24(3):305-12.
- Antinociceptive effect of citronellal in mice.
Melo MS, Sena LC, Barreto FJ, Bonjardim LR, Almeida JR, Lima JT, De Sousa DP, Quintans-Júnior LJ.
Pharm Biol. 2010 Apr;48(4):411-6.
- Evaluation of Repellency Effect of Two Natural Aroma Mosquito Repellent Compounds, Citronella and Citronellal
Jeong-Kyu KIM, Chang-Soo KANG, Jong-Kwon LEE, Young-Ran KIM, Hye-Yun HAN, Hwa Kyung YUN
Entomological Research 03/2007; 35(2):117 - 120.
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